Learning hot to paint on fabric and achieve permanent results is simple. I have completed countless fabric painting projects over the years and with the right materials and setup I have always had great results on fabric that are both permanent and durable. There are endless possibilities to painting on fabric which is why it is so popular. My favorite is painting fabric handbags but you can paint just about any garment you can think of.
Below are some of the most important things you should know if you want to paint on fabric. When you understand these basic principles you will have no problem painting your designs on fabric with permanent results. When painting fabric for permanency it basically comes down to just three things; paint type, fabric type, and setting the paint.
What Type of Paint Should I Use for Fabric?
When it comes to fabric, there are a few different product types that can be used to apply pigment to fabric. While most people stick to paint as the medium of choice, some choose to apply their designs using inks and even fabric dyes. While both inks and fabric dyes can be applied like paint the results are usually a much different effect so we will stick to actual paint in this guide.
Most all textile and fabric paints are acrylics based paints that are specially formulated to be used on fabric. This specially formulated paint has characteristics that ensures the paint adheres to the fabric or textiles you are painting on, maintains adequate flexibility which helps it resist cracking as well as avoiding a stiff feeling.
When painting on fabric you will always achieve the best results with fabric paint. Fabric paint will be formulated to have the best flow for fabric application and the end result will be more durable for both wearing and washing. For more information, be sure to checkout our complete guide to fabric paints.
What Types of Fabric Can I Paint On?
Good news, fabric paint will adhere to just about any fabric surface including cotton, silk, wool, and as well as some synthetics. This is great as it seems just about every fabric out there is a blend. In my experience I have achieved better results with certain fabrics. I have had the best experience with natural fibers like cotton that are tightly woven. The paint seems to adhere best to cotton and tighter weaves usually have a better visual result due to the paint having more surface to adhere too before seeping through.
Another important consideration is the fabric color you intend on working with. Light and bright colors will give the best results when painting on fabric. This is due to paint having a certain level of opacity and lighter fabric colors will make the paint color pop from underneath. Darker colors may not provide the best results if the paint is not opaque enough. This can be remedied by choosing a paint that is formulated to provide a more opaque finish.
For best results make sure you pick the right paint for the job, but remember, like most art projects there are many tips and tricks to get better results when conditions may not be ideal. For instance, if you are painting on dark fabric with paint that is less opaque you can always paint a lighter colored base layer to improve the visibility of the finished product. Always try to work with a test piece before working your actual piece to get an idea of the end result.
Set Your Finished Designs
When working with fabric paint specifically, you will usually have to set the paint onto the fabric with heat, not so for regular acrylic artist paints. Heat setting is a final step in fabric painting and will give your finished design the permanence it needs to withstand repeated washing and wearing without coming off.
Heat setting is a simple process that is done once the paint is completely dry after application. It is usually best to wait at least 24 hours after painting your fabric to ensure the paint is dry. There are many methods to heat setting and the method you choose will probably be dictated by the fabric piece you painted and the heat sources available to you.
The most common method to heat setting is using an iron to heat the design to set it, other methods include clothes dryers, an oven on a low setting, or a heat gun when used with caution. Whatever method you choose always follow the paint manufacturer’s direction to get the best results. Also consider the fabrics tolerance for heat as well as to not damage it in the process.
Post Paint Fabric Care
Caring for your painted fabric projects is pretty easy. It is usually recommended to hand wash the fabric if at all possible and hang dry it. If that isn’t possible using the gentle cycle on your washing machine and low heat cycle on your clothes dryer should extend the life of your design as well.
Finally, some paint pigments do not hold up well to sunlight and will fade over time. I recommend minimizing sun exposure if possible and whether you choose to cover the paint when not in use or just keeping out of the sun all together, it help prevent fading.
Now that you have a better understanding of fabric painting you should be well on your way to creating beautiful designs on fabric that look great and last a very long time. If you have any questions at all be sure to leave a comment and we will do our best to help out!